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Protecting Children from Poisons

(Tài liệu chưa được thẩm định)
Nguồn: Đỗ Mạnh Hà
Người gửi: Đỗ Mạnh Hà (trang riêng)
Ngày gửi: 10h:48' 27-11-2009
Dung lượng: 4.3 MB
Số lượt tải: 30
Mô tả: Protecting Children from Poisons

November 14, 2005

 

Voice 1

 

Hello. I’m Marina Santee.

 

Voice 2

 And I’m Elizabeth Lickiss. Welcome to Spotlight. This programme uses a special English method of broadcasting. It is easier for people to understand, no matter where in the world they live.

Voice 3

‘Every year poison kills more than thirty five thousand [35,000] children. They are between zero and fourteen years of age.’

Voice 1

The World Health Organisation published these worrying facts in 2005. Children should be safest in their own homes. But, the sad truth for many children is that their homes are often very dangerous places.

Voice 2

Young children are at particular risk from dangers in the home. To them, the world is full of things to explore! Imagine the world through the eyes of young children. They do not yet know the things that will harm them. Whatever they see, they touch! It does not matter if objects are clean or dirty. It is does not matter if objects are safe or harmful. Everything is interesting to touch, eat, drink and put in their mouths! Children will open anything they can - bottles, food, drink and poison.

Voice 1

One of these household dangers is kerosene. In many countries, people use kerosene as a cooking fuel. When there is limited space, they may store things on the floor. This includes chemicals and fuels. People often store kerosene in drink bottles. This makes children even more likely to mistake the harmful substance for a drink! This can result in kerosene poisoning.

Voice 2

What are the signs of kerosene poisoning? Victims may suffer pains like burning in their mouths, eyes and ears. They may be sick with blood. They may also find it difficult to breathe. Kerosene poisoning is very serious. Victims may die. They need emergency hospital treatment.

Voice 1

But people can avoid kerosene poisoning. Experts say that health care providers need to inform parents of the dangers. They need to advise parents to store harmful substances away from children. Parents should lock dangerous chemicals away. And parents should not use food and drink containers to store chemicals. Good advice can help stop children suffering. And it can also help prevent the cost of hospital bills.

Voice 2

Not everyone uses kerosene for cooking. But the risk of poisoning in the home exists everywhere. For example, many medicines do not look like medicines. Some children think that the medicines are sweets, or candy. So they swallow them! Again, health experts warn parents to store medicines out of children’s reach. Advisors say that drug companies can also help. They can change the bottles and boxes of their medicines. They can make them look less like sweet containers.

Voice 1

Industrialised and developing countries both have the same problem of lead poisoning. Lead is a heavy metal. It exists naturally in the earth. But human activities bring lead into the environment. For many years, people have known that high levels of lead are poisonous. But it is only recently that people have discovered the dangers of small amounts of lead. This is worrying. We do not see this lead in the way we see kerosene and the medicines, because lead comes from our polluted environment. It can be in our air, our water and our food.

Voice 2

People are mostly at risk from the lead in the air and food. The amount of lead in natural water is not high. But lead levels are higher if water is pumped through old lead piping. Some cooking containers are made partly of lead. And some people use lead containers to hold food and drink. These containers increase people’s risk of lead poisoning. Some paints also contain lead. Children are at risk from lead poisoning from cars and industries. This is especially true in some developing countries. Older cars work better with fuels containing lead, so such fuels are common.

Voice 1

Lead can damage to the body’s nervous system and kidneys.

Voice 2

Lead can cause high blood pressure. Children have a greater chance of getting lead poisoning. Lead in the air attaches itself to dust. When children play, the dust goes on their hands. Their hands often end up in their mouths! Young children may take in as much as two hundred milligrams [200 mg] of lead a day - particularly if they live in cities or near busy streets. And lead is particularly harmful to children. The dust is poisonous not only when they take it in through their mouths. It is also harmful when they breathe it in.

Voice 1

A child’s nervous and digestive systems are developing. Evidence suggests that even small amounts of lead in a child’s body are very dangerous. The lead can have a bad effect on a child’s physical and mental growth. It can later affect how well they do at school. So lead poisoning is not only an environmental problem. It is also a social issue.

Voice 2

Unborn children are at risk from lead poisoning through their mother’s blood. The body can store lead for more than twenty years. It can then release it during pregnancy. This harms the growing baby.

Voice 1

High blood levels in children can lead to brain damage.

Voice 2

Very high levels of lead can cause death.

Voice 1

So what can people do to protect themselves and their children? The United Nations groups UNICEF and UNEP are working together to fight the problem of lead poisoning. Here is some of their advice;

Voice 2

People should clean the dust from their homes with something wet. This will help remove the dust containing lead.

Voice 1

Parents should look for signs of lead poisoning in their children. It is difficult to recognize lead poisoning. The signs are similar to many other, less serious, problems. They include pains in the stomach, head, and inability to sleep.

Voice 2

Parents should feed their children a healthy diet. They should try and include food that is rich in calcium and iron - like milk and green vegetables.

Voice 1

It is important to be clean! Wash your hands. Clean vegetables and fruits well.

Voice 2

When people paint their homes, they should only use paint that does not contain lead.

Voice 1

Local authorities need to have trained workers. They need to identify the causes of any lead pollution in their communities.

Voice 2

Community workers should organize lead prevention programmes. These programmes should provide people with information. And they should encourage people not to use local products that contain lead.

Voice 1

Authorities should ensure work places use lead safely. People should be able to have blood tests often.

Voice 2

Experts say that environmental standards need to be higher. Legal systems need to enforce the reduction of lead in products like gasoline, paint and water. Many countries have introduced ‘unleaded fuel’. The World Bank says that this is cost effective too.

Voice 1

UNICEF says that everyone who cares for children should know about the problems lead causes. Knowledge is power. People can stop the deaths and sickness from many poisons if they act on their knowledge. Together they can save lives.

Voice 2

The writer and producer of today’s programme was Marina Santee. Computer users can find our programmes on our website at www.radio.english.net. This programme is called, ‘Protecting Children from Poisons.’
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http://sinhhocpt.violet.vn - thầy trả lời giúp tại đây nhé! 

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Xuân mới năm 2012 đã đến. Quang Hiệu chúc quý thầy cô cùng gia đình vạn sự như ý! - :•.(¯`°´¯).• ¤*•,¸.¸,¤*•,¸.¸, •*¤*•,¸.CHÚC MỪNG NĂM MỚI,•*¤*•,¸.¸, •*HAPPY•*HAPPY NEW YEAR *•,¸.¸,•*¤*•,¤*•,¸.¸ ,•*¤*•,¸.,•*¤*•,¸.¸, •*?,•*¤*•,¸.,•*¤*•,¸ .¸,•*?*¤*•,¸.¸,•* ..^^.. “Nhâm thìn đã đến, ăn nhậu lai rai, tiền vô như nước, muốn gì cũng được, thịnh vượng bình an, chúc mừng năm mới!”. Chúc bạn có 1 bầu trời sức khỏe, 1 Biển cả tình thương, 1 Đại dương tình bạn, 1 Điệp khúc tình yêu, 1 Người yêu chung thủy, 1 Sự nghiệp sáng ngời, 1 Gia đình thịnh vượng. - Chúc cả gia đình bạn vạn sự như ý, Tỉ sự như mơ, Triệu triệu bất ngờ, Không chờ cũng đến!
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Chúc Mạnh Hà ngày càng thành công nhé !

Mời ghé thăm : http://thcs-bungbang-tayninh.violet.vn

 

 
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